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First step on protecting the wooden structure is impregnation.
Wood should be protected before construction. to do this, the so-called frontal protection of wood, the impregnation system must be done then it must be baked. Impregnation of wood means that the chosen preservative matter according to the structure of the wood should be applied. These toxic substances, prevents the formation of fungi that cause wood to be destroyed.

Why the impregnation process required?
The impregnated wood is imperishable, corrosion resistant and are not affected weather condition, insects, and fungi. and over time, distort or bend cracking does not occur. If this system is applied to wood, it can withstand minimum 50-60 years and become eternal. Timber structure, can be impregnated also by spraying.

Burning resins on the wood
Before putty and paint operations, if there is any resins in wood, hot air guns (hot air blows) or by burner (gas furnace flame spraying hose attached) resins must be drained away . Against fire hazard preference the warm air guns, is more appropriate.
Protection of the wooden structure in the second step; painting

Paint Surface
To select the right surface protector primary we must define from from what we are protecting the surface. Wood is a material that serves so many different purposes, this choice may not be so easy all the time. Mechanical shock, excessive abrasion resistant polyurethane-based materials must to be used for wood on the floors and for exterior walls environment sun-resistant, flexible and breathable paints must be chosen.
Second criterion for the selection of surface protection material is to obtain the desired image, that depends on the type of wood and possible material application. Primary choose of wood after selecting image and the color is a very common mistake in turkey. Indeed, the opposite is true. If white painted wood material is used in the external environment, the selected wood type should have as little as possible knag and resin. In particularly for wall coverings resinous and gnarled yellow pine, iroko such as color extractive matter (foreign substances seeping out of wood), though these type of wood painted white and light color is problematic. Microporous resins and extractives (breathing), seeping outside of the wood with time, can cause the formation of blemishes. It is used under the paint paste and similar substances to prevent leakage, this time the resin is trying to break outside with paste and removes paint, thus very accustomed image "flaky puffed, spilled paint" emerges. Resin leakage is proportional to the temperature of the surface, dark color paints to the surface leads to more and more heat and so resin leakage is maximum. However with dark color paints staining is not noticeable and the image is not impaired. Traditional "snag burning" method is more harmful than beneficial. If there isn’t a valid reason, transparent and colorless varnish should not be applied in the wood used on the exterior. Colorless and transparent varnish can not protect the wood surface against the effects of ultraviolet rays. some of these varnishes include uv filters against the sun, but for the wood outdoor life these additives is not sufficient. this type of varnish and lacquers can only prevent color change of furniture inside the building. there is a absolutely certain color in transparent paint used for exterior facades. These varnishes contain natural metal oxide pigments that not lose with time their effect of uv filters. Various methods can be applied to wood surface protectors, brush, dip or spray gun.. Every painting is not suitable for any application. For best results, environment where the paint is applied and worker experience must be considered. On the worksite use of spray gun should be avoided and large surface panels should not paint with brush.

Another thing to keep in mind is the speed of the drying of the paint used. What is the breathing paint? Breathable paints means that painted surface, forming a layer of water-proof, but water vapor permeable dye products. These are micro-porous paint designated as a high water vapor permeability. Due to changes in precipitation and air humidity in the external environment of the wood makes dilatation or to take a small hit on the surface may occur as a result of a small crack can cause the wood to get wet. In that case, the wet wood must dry very quickly it is very important for the life of wood. Wood remains wet for a long time that cause wood decay and loss of paint. Breathing wood paints can be coating and transparent. The transparent one is also colored and substantially contains natural metallic pigments, in other words it doesn't become faded. These paints are also penetrates the wood better, and has the flexibility to work with wood.

Water-based, Solvent-based?
In recent times, the fashionable water-based paints is causing some misunderstanding. Like, " long-lasting water-based paints, solvent-based goes bad quickly ". This assumption is false. Sometimes, solvent-based product can be long-lasting than water-based. Some incorrect assumptions about the environmental issue available on this subject. Water-based paint products contains less solvents, of course this is one point for the health of the people who are around there during painting. However, some water-based flooring finishes involved carcinogenic chemicals in order to provide sufficient stiffness. Therefore, products should be evaluated by their own characteristics, the general assumptions should be avoided. New products that have complex structures that the traditional classification of synthetic-cellulosic is invalid.

The external environment paints resistance.
Especially in the external environment, the service life of a paint is very difficult to detect. How many years it will last depends on application, the type of wood most importantly the climatic conditions. To give an example, ıt might be estimated about 3-7 service life. An important feature of these dyes never spills and maintenance is easy. Some organizations, such as the uk trada, is testing these paints and give the consumer information. Exterior paints are tested first by rain, then the heat and air-conditioning case studies that simulate the effect of the sun, but the actual evaluation is made with real field experiments.

Surface treatment
Durability of a paint, depends on the structure of paint and the properties of the surface. Exterior wood paint should be applied directly on clean wood. Linseed oil, paste filling materials, and in particular the paste are the greatest enemies of paints for exterior use. In general, the final image is requested to be flat and smooth although before painting planing and sanding are recommended, in the external environment, how much rougher the surface, the higher the life of the paint. Surfaces affected by the sun (faded or tarnished) paint performance is poor. Before painting the wood material don’t hang on conditions nature, sun-affected surfaces thoroughly sanded before painting and faded or tarnished layer must be removed completely. For prevent leakage of resin or to remove paint, the surface burning reduces the service life of the paint. The burnt wood prevents the penetration of paints and shortens the life of the wood. The production design of wooden elements are always very important. The most simple example of this is the necessity to avoid sharp corners. Wood profiles must be always rounded. Life of the paint according to rounded wood profiles on sharp corners is very small. Painting old wooden surface, before applying paint exterior wood surfaces, old paint, especially cracks, blisters and if there is spills, must be completely removed, the effect of the sun blackened and damaged by fiber surfaces should be cleaned with sandpaper. If the old paint fully attached to a surface, only a surface cleaning may be sufficient.

Paint Removal
There are several methods for the removal of the existing paint

Mechanical Cleaning
Dismantling of paint with sandpaper is the most recommended method. This method makes the paint removed and the application of new paint surface is prepared. In turkey for this process the use of conventional vibrating and circular abrasives makes undesirable scratches that are difficult to correct. There is a variety of new tools that facilitate the process of sanding.

Hot air guns
The second method will not damage the surface of the wood is to use hot air guns. After using a hot air gun to ensure that the new paint connect to the wood in a healthy way surface sanding is recommended.

Incineration
It is a fast process but wooden surface lit areas, has a negative effect on adhesion of the new paint.

Paint Removers
The above methods do not apply, solvent-type paint removers are available. Containing caustic paint removers work faster, but may leave residues harmful to the surface. After using paint remover or solvent, the surface must be cleaned with clean water. For turkey, a new method for materials such as detachable structure like blinds, a special solvent immersion.

Improvement of decay and insect destruction
After removing the paint ,decayed or weakened fiber material sections must be repaired and a pre-protection product should be applied to the surface with a brush. Before application of the new paint, pre-protection product should be dry.

During the monthly maintenance
Every month dust, mold, and bacteria, on the wooden structures should be taken with a slightly damp cleaning product. This process, should not be apply too hot times with a damp cloth. Because it may cause cracking on the wooden structures. Floor contact should be prevented with the wood, and on the wooden structures there must be ventilation. Surface being cleaned with a damp cloth, must be dried with a dry cloth.
In the summer time resin flows in the wood and must be burned before become yellow.
Swollen windows and doors that do not open, by timely intervention, must be repaired by a carpenter.
If there are cracks in the flooring, it must be filled with wood sealants conform to the format to prevent the formation of bacteria and insects refuge.

During the annual maintenance
Once a year or twice in exterior wall, the necessary reparation of cracks and cavities makes life of the wooden structure to be longer.

Cracks puttied: ultraviolet rays and moisture the biggest enemy of wood, makes cracks in the wood. On the exteriors wall, if there is any cracks, each year, cracksmust be filled with super-filling materials (cracked material should be more appropriate to be replaced) and the paint process should be applied.
Replacing rotting wood: In exterior wall the rotten wood; do not be filled with putty and paint, it must always be replaced with new one. Otherwise, rotting wood, will cause damage to the surrounding woods. Instead every year, when surfaces are cleaned and dried once every two years, in the fresh spring time it should be painted with a coat of paint covering. These dyes are resistan to acetic acid spray, salt mist chlorine and chlorinated air.

Foor polish selection
If flooring has wooden structure it must be used water-based varnish. Water-based varnishes do not harm human health, and there is no lasting odors. Stiff and resistant lacquers, may be preferred because they are resistant to wear. If a coat of water-based varnish is applied once a year, the maintenance of wood is accomplished.

The protection of the wooden house of antiquities
Wooden houses antiquities, instead of making protections of the wooden structure to extend the age, it is better to use according to its original state (otherwise it can result the death of wood). If you want the structure of wood resist for a long time, it can be impregnated, but when this system is applied, the tree is completely dead. ın case of restoration, principle is based on the use of the tree, according to its original state. It looks like to be difficult to maintain the facade, but when technical painting is used and made conscious practices, exterior paint has 8 to 9 years of life time. respect to 7-8 years maintenance, there are not atmospheric effect into the wood, therefore it can live for many years.Prevent drying of the wood, to ensure brightness and flexibility for a long time ...Prevent drying of the wood, to ensure brightness and flexibility for a long time, beams should be serviced at regular intervals. At home with a simple application of preparation that makes the wood to appear more vibrant and will last a long time.
Amixture of two measures linseed oil or olive oil, and one measures turpentine, must be applied. After this operation, leave to dry thoroughly then rubbed with a piece of wool. In addition, natural wood beams thoroughly liquid wax is applied, the color of the wood shine and has vitality.
Dust cleaning methods; while dust cleaning always use a soft cloth. When dust cleaning is wrong the furniture will be drawn. Do not clean dust any time with a dry cloth, otherwise the powder will leave microscopic scratches on the surface of the furniture.
Spray evenly on the surface of the furniture, but try not to pinch too much spray. In a circular motion clean the surface of the furniture with a smooth cloth.
Then, wipe the furniture with a dry cloth for a nice glow. For wood windows, you spray the cloth, before get the dust.
In no time, do not use soap or water to care for furniture. Water, disturbs furniture polish, enter in the structure of the wood, lead to damage to the furniture.

Wooden furniture enemies
Ultraviolet rays in sunlight can disrupt the wood wax. Have your furniture protected from direct sunlight.
Liquid spills, must be cleaned immediately otherwise disrupt furniture. Under glasses and vases put small plates.

Temperature, can cause chemical changes of varnish that will leave a white spot. Use protective pads under hot dishes and containers.

High humidity causes wood to swell. Low humidity causes wood to lose moisture and shrink. Extreme changes may result warping, splitting and cracking.
Be careful to keep the moisture level constant as possible.
Some wood types and characteristics
Chestnut: very robust and resistant to insects and rot.
Oak: long-term use and resistant to insects and rot.
Red fir: useful for a long time, but is unsuited to varnish.
White fir: less durable and easy to be damaged.
Black pine: soft and moisture-resistant.
Elm: a flexible tree, easily formed.
Fine: long-term functional and favorable to varnish, but susceptible to insects. Pine kindling: use and moisture resistant


 

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